Seminar “On symmetry techniques for differential equations”

Speaker: María Luz Gandarias (Universidad de Cádiz)
Date and time: December 12, 17:00
Place: Seminario del Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias

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Curved momentum spaces from quantum (Anti-)de Sitter groups in (3+1) dimensions

In this new paper (arXiv:1711.05050), curved momentum spaces associated to the κ-deformation of the (3+1) de Sitter and Anti-de Sitter algebras are constructed as orbits of suitable actions of the dual Poisson-Lie group associated to the κ-deformation with non-vanishing cosmological constant. The κ-de Sitter and κ-Anti-de Sitter curved momentum spaces are separately analysed, and they turn out to be, respectively, half of the (6+1)-dimensional de Sitter space and half of a space with SO(4,4) invariance. Such spaces are made of the momenta associated to spacetime translations and the “hyperbolic” momenta associated to boost transformations. The known κ-Poincaré curved momentum space is smoothly recovered as the vanishing cosmological constant limit from both of the constructions.

Poisson-Hopf algebra deformations of Lie-Hamilton systems

In this paper (arXiv:1708.08185) Hopf algebra deformations are merged with a class of Lie systems of Hamiltonian type, the so-called Lie-Hamilton systems, to devise a novel formalism: the Poisson-Hopf algebra deformations of Lie-Hamilton systems. This approach applies to any Hopf algebra deformation of any Lie-Hamilton system. Remarkably, a Hopf algebra deformation transforms a Lie-Hamilton system, whose dynamic is governed by a finite-dimensional Lie algebra of functions, into a non-Lie-Hamilton system associated with a Poisson-Hopf algebra of functions that allows for the explicit description of its t-independent constants of the motion from deformed Casimir functions. We illustrate our approach by considering the Poisson-Hopf algebra analogue of the non-standard quantum deformation of sl(2) and its applications to deform well-known Lie-Hamilton systems describing oscillator systems, Milne-Pinney equations, and several types of Riccati equations. In particular, we obtain a new position-dependent mass oscillator system with a time-dependent frequency.

Curved momentum spaces from quantum groups with cosmological constant

In this paper (arXiv:1707.09600) we bring the concept that quantum symmetries describe theories with nontrivial momentum space properties one step further, looking at quantum symmetries of spacetime in presence of a nonvanishing cosmological constant Λ. In particular, the momentum space associated to the κ-deformation of the de Sitter algebra in (1+1) and (2+1) dimensions is explicitly constructed as a dual Poisson-Lie group manifold parametrized by Λ. Such momentum space includes both the momenta associated to spacetime translations and the `hyperbolic’ momenta associated to boost transformations, and has the geometry of (half of) a de Sitter manifold. Known results for the momentum space of the κ-Poincaré algebra are smoothly recovered in the limit Λ0, where hyperbolic momenta decouple from translational momenta. The approach here presented is general and can be applied to other quantum deformations of kinematical symmetries, including (3+1)-dimensional ones.