The κ-(A)dS noncommutative spacetime

The (3+1)-dimensional κ-(A)dS noncommutative spacetime is explicitly constructed in this new paper (arXiv:1905.12358) by quantizing its semiclassical counterpart, which is the κ-(A)dS Poisson homogeneous space. Under minimal physical assumptions, it is explicitly proven that this is the only possible generalization to the case of non-vanishing cosmological constant of the well-known κ-Minkowski spacetime. The κ-(A)dS noncommutative spacetime is shown to have a quadratic subalgebra of local spatial coordinates whose first-order brackets in terms of the cosmological constant parameter define a quantum sphere, while the commutators between time and space coordinates preserve the same structure of the κ-Minkowski spacetime. When expressed in ambient coordinates, the quantum κ-(A)dS spacetime is shown to be defined as a noncommutative pseudosphere.

Life of cosmological perturbations in MDR models, and the prospect of travelling primordial gravitational waves

In this new paper (arXiv:1905.08484) we follow the life of a generic primordial perturbation mode (scalar or tensor) subject to modified dispersion relations (MDR), as its proper wavelength is stretched by expansion. A necessary condition ensuring that travelling waves can be converted into standing waves is that the mode starts its life deep inside the horizon and in the trans-Planckian regime, then leaves the horizon as the speed of light corresponding to its growing wavelength drops, to eventually become cis-Planckian whilst still outside the horizon, and finally re-enter the horizon at late times. We find that scalar modes in the observable range satisfy this condition, thus ensuring the viability of MDR models in this respect. For tensor modes we find a regime in which this does not occur, but in practice it can only be realised for wavelengths in the range probed by future gravity wave experiments if the quantum gravity scale experienced by gravity waves goes down to the PeV range. In this case travelling -rather than standing- primordial gravity waves could be the tell-tale signature of MDR scenarios.

Curvature as an integrable deformation

In this work (arXiv:1903.09543), the generalization of (super)integrable Euclidean classical Hamiltonian systems to the two-dimensional sphere and the hyperbolic space by preserving their (super)integrability properties is reviewed. The constant Gaussian curvature of the underlying spaces is introduced as an explicit deformation parameter, thus allowing the construction of new integrable Hamiltonians in a unified geometric setting in which the Euclidean systems are obtained in the vanishing curvature limit. In particular, the constant curvature analogue of the generic anisotropic oscillator Hamiltonian is presented, and its superintegrability for commensurate frequencies is shown. As a second example, an integrable version of the Hénon-Heiles system on the sphere and the hyperbolic plane is introduced. Projective Beltrami coordinates are shown to be helpful in this construction, and further applications of this approach are sketched.

Relativistic compatibility of the interacting κ-Poincaré model and implications for the relative locality framework

In this new paper (arXiv:1903.04593), we investigate the relativistic properties under boost transformations of the κ-Poincaré model with multiple causally connected interactions, both at the level of its formulation in momentum space only and when it is endowed with a full phase space construction, provided by the relative locality framework. Previous studies focussing on the momentum space picture showed that in presence of just one interaction vertex the model is relativistic, provided that the boost parameter acting on each given particle receives a “backreaction” from the momenta of the other particles that participate in the interaction. Here we show that in presence of multiple causally-connected vertices the model is relativistic if the boost parameter acting on each given particle receives a backreaction from the total momentum of all the particles that are causally connected, even those that do not directly enter the vertex. The relative locality framework constructs spacetime by defining a set of dual coordinates to the momentum of each particle and interaction coordinates as Lagrange multipliers that enforce momentum conservation at interaction events. We show that the picture is Lorentz invariant if one uses an appropriate “total boost” to act on the particles’ worldlines and on the interaction coordinates. The picture we develop also allows for a reinterpretation of the backreaction as the manifestation of the “total boost” action. Our findings provide the basis to consistently define distant relatively boosted observers in the relative locality framework.