Curvature as an integrable deformation

In this work (arXiv:1903.09543), the generalization of (super)integrable Euclidean classical Hamiltonian systems to the two-dimensional sphere and the hyperbolic space by preserving their (super)integrability properties is reviewed. The constant Gaussian curvature of the underlying spaces is introduced as an explicit deformation parameter, thus allowing the construction of new integrable Hamiltonians in a unified geometric setting in which the Euclidean systems are obtained in the vanishing curvature limit. In particular, the constant curvature analogue of the generic anisotropic oscillator Hamiltonian is presented, and its superintegrability for commensurate frequencies is shown. As a second example, an integrable version of the Hénon-Heiles system on the sphere and the hyperbolic plane is introduced. Projective Beltrami coordinates are shown to be helpful in this construction, and further applications of this approach are sketched.

Relativistic compatibility of the interacting κ-Poincaré model and implications for the relative locality framework

In this new paper (arXiv:1903.04593), we investigate the relativistic properties under boost transformations of the κ-Poincaré model with multiple causally connected interactions, both at the level of its formulation in momentum space only and when it is endowed with a full phase space construction, provided by the relative locality framework. Previous studies focussing on the momentum space picture showed that in presence of just one interaction vertex the model is relativistic, provided that the boost parameter acting on each given particle receives a “backreaction” from the momenta of the other particles that participate in the interaction. Here we show that in presence of multiple causally-connected vertices the model is relativistic if the boost parameter acting on each given particle receives a backreaction from the total momentum of all the particles that are causally connected, even those that do not directly enter the vertex. The relative locality framework constructs spacetime by defining a set of dual coordinates to the momentum of each particle and interaction coordinates as Lagrange multipliers that enforce momentum conservation at interaction events. We show that the picture is Lorentz invariant if one uses an appropriate “total boost” to act on the particles’ worldlines and on the interaction coordinates. The picture we develop also allows for a reinterpretation of the backreaction as the manifestation of the “total boost” action. Our findings provide the basis to consistently define distant relatively boosted observers in the relative locality framework.

Noncommutative spaces of worldlines

In this new paper (arXiv:1902.09132), the space of time-like geodesics on Minkowski spacetime is constructed as a coset space of the Poincaré group in (3+1) dimensions with respect to the stabilizer of a worldline. When this homogeneous space is endowed with a Poisson homogeneous structure compatible with a given Poisson-Lie Poincaré group, the quantization of this Poisson bracket gives rise to a noncommutative space of worldlines with quantum group invariance. As an oustanding example, the Poisson homogeneous space of worldlines coming from the κappa-Poincaré deformation is explicitly constructed, and shown to define a symplectic structure on the space of worldlines. Therefore, the quantum space of κappa-Poincaré worldlines is just the direct product of three Heisenberg-Weyl algebras in which the inverse of the kappa parameter plays the very same role as the Planck constant ℏ in quantum mechanics. In this way, noncommutative spaces of worldlines are shown to provide a new suitable and fully explicit arena for the description of quantum observers with quantum group symmetry.

Drinfel’d double structures for Poincaré and Euclidean groups

In this contribution (arXiv:1812.02075) all non-isomorphic three-dimensional Poisson homogeneous Euclidean spaces are constructed and analyzed, based on the classification of coboundary Lie bialgebra structures of the Euclidean group in 3-dimensions, and the only Drinfel’d double structure for this group is explicitly given. The similar construction for the Poincaré case is reviewed and the striking differences between the Lorentzian and Euclidean cases are underlined. Finally, the contraction scheme starting from Drinfel’d double structures of the so(3,1) Lie algebra is presented.