In this new paper (**arXiv:1905.08484**) we follow the life of a generic primordial perturbation mode (scalar or tensor) subject to modified dispersion relations (MDR), as its proper wavelength is stretched by expansion. A necessary condition ensuring that travelling waves can be converted into standing waves is that the mode starts its life deep inside the horizon and in the trans-Planckian regime, then leaves the horizon as the speed of light corresponding to its growing wavelength drops, to eventually become cis-Planckian whilst still outside the horizon, and finally re-enter the horizon at late times. We find that scalar modes in the observable range satisfy this condition, thus ensuring the viability of MDR models in this respect. For tensor modes we find a regime in which this does not occur, but in practice it can only be realised for wavelengths in the range probed by future gravity wave experiments if the quantum gravity scale experienced by gravity waves goes down to the PeV range. In this case travelling -rather than standing- primordial gravity waves could be the tell-tale signature of MDR scenarios.

# Seminar “A geometric approach to infinite-dimensional Lie bialgebras and Poisson-Lie groups with applications”

Speaker:** Javier de Lucas (University of Warsaw)**

Date and time: May 7th, 12:00 h

Place: Aula 24, Facultad de Ciencias

# Seminar “Quantum geometry of the integer lattice and Hawking effect”

Speaker:** Shahn Majid (Queen Mary University of London)**

Date and time: March 29th, 12:00 h

Place: Aula 24, Facultad de Ciencias

# Curvature as an integrable deformation

In this work (**arXiv:1903.09543**), the generalization of (super)integrable Euclidean classical Hamiltonian systems to the two-dimensional sphere and the hyperbolic space by preserving their (super)integrability properties is reviewed. The constant Gaussian curvature of the underlying spaces is introduced as an explicit deformation parameter, thus allowing the construction of new integrable Hamiltonians in a unified geometric setting in which the Euclidean systems are obtained in the vanishing curvature limit. In particular, the constant curvature analogue of the generic anisotropic oscillator Hamiltonian is presented, and its superintegrability for commensurate frequencies is shown. As a second example, an integrable version of the Hénon-Heiles system on the sphere and the hyperbolic plane is introduced. Projective Beltrami coordinates are shown to be helpful in this construction, and further applications of this approach are sketched.

# Seminar “Localization and reference frames in kappa-Minkowski Spacetime”

Speaker:** Flavio Mercati (Università di Napoli Federico II, Italy)**

Date and time: March 21th, 12:00 h

Place: Aula 24, Facultad de Ciencias

# Relativistic compatibility of the interacting κ-Poincaré model and implications for the relative locality framework

In this new paper (**arXiv:1903.04593**), we investigate the relativistic properties under boost transformations of the κ-Poincaré model with multiple causally connected interactions, both at the level of its formulation in momentum space only and when it is endowed with a full phase space construction, provided by the relative locality framework. Previous studies focussing on the momentum space picture showed that in presence of just one interaction vertex the model is relativistic, provided that the boost parameter acting on each given particle receives a “backreaction” from the momenta of the other particles that participate in the interaction. Here we show that in presence of multiple causally-connected vertices the model is relativistic if the boost parameter acting on each given particle receives a backreaction from the total momentum of all the particles that are causally connected, even those that do not directly enter the vertex. The relative locality framework constructs spacetime by defining a set of dual coordinates to the momentum of each particle and interaction coordinates as Lagrange multipliers that enforce momentum conservation at interaction events. We show that the picture is Lorentz invariant if one uses an appropriate “total boost” to act on the particles’ worldlines and on the interaction coordinates. The picture we develop also allows for a reinterpretation of the backreaction as the manifestation of the “total boost” action. Our findings provide the basis to consistently define distant relatively boosted observers in the relative locality framework.

# Seminar “Quantum mechanics and the covariance of physical laws in quantum reference frames”

Speaker:** Flaminia Giacomini (University of Vienna, Austria)**

Date and time: March 13th, 12:00 h

Place: Aula 24, Facultad de Ciencias

# Noncommutative spaces of worldlines

In this new paper (**arXiv:1902.09132**), the space of time-like geodesics on Minkowski spacetime is constructed as a coset space of the Poincaré group in (3+1) dimensions with respect to the stabilizer of a worldline. When this homogeneous space is endowed with a Poisson homogeneous structure compatible with a given Poisson-Lie Poincaré group, the quantization of this Poisson bracket gives rise to a noncommutative space of worldlines with quantum group invariance. As an oustanding example, the Poisson homogeneous space of worldlines coming from the κappa-Poincaré deformation is explicitly constructed, and shown to define a symplectic structure on the space of worldlines. Therefore, the quantum space of κappa-Poincaré worldlines is just the direct product of three Heisenberg-Weyl algebras in which the inverse of the kappa parameter plays the very same role as the Planck constant ℏ in quantum mechanics. In this way, noncommutative spaces of worldlines are shown to provide a new suitable and fully explicit arena for the description of quantum observers with quantum group symmetry.

# Drinfel’d double structures for Poincaré and Euclidean groups

In this contribution (**arXiv:1812.02075**) all non-isomorphic three-dimensional Poisson homogeneous Euclidean spaces are constructed and analyzed, based on the classification of coboundary Lie bialgebra structures of the Euclidean group in 3-dimensions, and the only Drinfel’d double structure for this group is explicitly given. The similar construction for the Poincaré case is reviewed and the striking differences between the Lorentzian and Euclidean cases are underlined. Finally, the contraction scheme starting from Drinfel’d double structures of the so(3,1) Lie algebra is presented.

# Seminar “Krein spaces and dynamics of non-hermitian Hamiltonians”

Speaker:** Romina Ramírez (Universidad Nacional de la Plata, Argentina)**

Date and time: November 6, 11:30 h

Place: Aula 24, Facultad de Ciencias