Speaker: Stephen Anco (Brock University, Canada)
Date and time: October 11, 17:30
Place: Seminario del Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias
In this paper (arXiv:1708.08185) Hopf algebra deformations are merged with a class of Lie systems of Hamiltonian type, the so-called Lie-Hamilton systems, to devise a novel formalism: the Poisson-Hopf algebra deformations of Lie-Hamilton systems. This approach applies to any Hopf algebra deformation of any Lie-Hamilton system. Remarkably, a Hopf algebra deformation transforms a Lie-Hamilton system, whose dynamic is governed by a finite-dimensional Lie algebra of functions, into a non-Lie-Hamilton system associated with a Poisson-Hopf algebra of functions that allows for the explicit description of its t-independent constants of the motion from deformed Casimir functions. We illustrate our approach by considering the Poisson-Hopf algebra analogue of the non-standard quantum deformation of sl(2) and its applications to deform well-known Lie-Hamilton systems describing oscillator systems, Milne-Pinney equations, and several types of Riccati equations. In particular, we obtain a new position-dependent mass oscillator system with a time-dependent frequency.
In this paper (arXiv:1707.09600) we bring the concept that quantum symmetries describe theories with nontrivial momentum space properties one step further, looking at quantum symmetries of spacetime in presence of a nonvanishing cosmological constant Λ. In particular, the momentum space associated to the κ-deformation of the de Sitter algebra in (1+1) and (2+1) dimensions is explicitly constructed as a dual Poisson-Lie group manifold parametrized by Λ. Such momentum space includes both the momenta associated to spacetime translations and the `hyperbolic’ momenta associated to boost transformations, and has the geometry of (half of) a de Sitter manifold. Known results for the momentum space of the κ-Poincaré algebra are smoothly recovered in the limit Λ→0, where hyperbolic momenta decouple from translational momenta. The approach here presented is general and can be applied to other quantum deformations of kinematical symmetries, including (3+1)-dimensional ones.
Speaker: Sengul Kuru (University of Ankara)
Date and time: May 29, 12:30
Place: Aula 14, Facultad de Ciencias
The κ-deformation of the (2+1)D anti-de Sitter, Poincaré and de Sitter groups is presented through a unified approach in which the curvature of the spacetime (or the cosmological constant) is considered as an explicit parameter. The Drinfel’d-double and the Poisson-Lie structure underlying the κ-deformation are explicitly given, and the three quantum kinematical groups are obtained as quantizations of such Poisson-Lie algebras. As a consequence, the non-commutative (2+1)D spacetimes that generalize the κ-Minkowski space to the (anti-)de Sitter ones are obtained. Moreover, noncommutative 4D spaces of (time-like) geodesics can be defined, and they can be interpreted as a novel possibility to introduce non-commutative worldlines. Furthermore, quantum (anti-)de Sitter algebras are presented both in the known basis related with 2+1 quantum gravity and in a new one which generalizes the bicrossproduct one. In this framework, the quantum deformation parameter is related with the Planck length, and the existence of a kind of “duality” between the cosmological constant and the Planck scale is also envisaged. This paper (arXiv:hep-th/0401244) is an updated review version of a 2004 manuscript with the same title and authors.
Noncommutative spacetimes are widely believed to model some properties of the quantum structure of spacetime at the Planck regime. In this contribution (arXiv:1702.04704) the construction of (anti-)de Sitter noncommutative spacetimes obtained through quantum groups is reviewed. In this approach the quantum deformation parameter z is related to a Planck scale, and the cosmological constant Λ plays the role of a second deformation parameter of geometric nature, whose limit Λ→0 provides the corresponding noncommutative Minkowski spacetimes.
In this paper (arXiv:1701.05783) the Eisenhart geometric formalism, which transforms an Euclidean natural Hamiltonian into a geodesic Hamiltonian with one additional degree of freedom, is applied to the four families of quadratically superintegrable systems with multiple separability in the Euclidean plane. Firstly, the separability and superintegrability of such four geodesic Hamiltonians in a three-dimensional curved space are studied and then these four systems are modified with the addition of a potential. Secondly, we study the superintegrability of certain four position-dependent mass Hamiltonians, that enjoys the same separability as the original system. All the Hamiltonians here studied describe superintegrable systems on non-Euclidean three-dimensional manifolds with a broken spherically symmetry.