In this new paper (arXiv:1912.12878) we show that the Lorentzian Snyder models, together with their non-relativistic (c→∞) and ultra-relativistic (c→0) limiting cases, can be rigorously constructed through the projective geometry description of Lorentzian, Galilean and Carrollian spaces with nonvanishing constant curvature. The projective coordinates of these spaces take the role of momenta, while translation generators over the same spaces are identified with noncommutative spacetime coordinates. In this way, one obtains a deformed phase space algebra, which fully characterizes the Snyder model and is invariant under boosts and rotations of the relevant kinematical symmetries. While the momentum space of the Lorentzian Snyder models is given by certain projective coordinates on (Anti-) de Sitter spaces, we discover that the momentum space of the Galilean (Carrollian) Snyder models is given by certain projective coordinates on curved Carroll (Newton–Hooke) spaces. This exchange between the non-relativistic and ultra-relativistic limits emerging in the transition from the geometric picture to the phase space picture is traced back to an interchange of the role of coordinates and translation operators. As a physically relevant feature, we find that in Galilean Snyder spacetimes the time coordinate does not commute with space coordinates, in contrast with previous proposals for non-relativistic Snyder models, which assume that time and space decouple in the non-relativistic limit. This remnant mixing between space and time in the non-relativistic limit is a quite general Planck-scale effect found in several quantum spacetime models.
Quantum homogeneous spaces are noncommutative spaces with quantum group covariance. Their semiclassical counterparts are Poisson homogeneous spaces, which are quotient manifolds of Lie groups M=G/H equipped with an additional Poisson structure π which is compatible with a Poisson-Lie structure Π on G. Since the infinitesimal version of Π defines a unique Lie bialgebra structure δ on the Lie algebra 𝔤=Lie(G), in this new paper (arXiv:1909.01000) we exploit the idea of Lie bialgebra duality in order to introduce the notion of dual homogeneous space of a given homogeneous space M=G/H with respect to the Lie bialgebra δ. Then, by considering the natural notions of reductive and symmetric homogeneous spaces, we extend these concepts to the dual space thus showing that an even richer duality framework arises. In order to analyse the physical implications of this new duality, the case of M being a Minkowski or (Anti-) de Sitter Poisson homogeneous spacetime is fully studied, and the corresponding dual reductive and symmetric spaces are explicitly constructed in the case of the well-known κ-deformation, where the cosmological constant Λ is introduced as an explicit parameter in order to describe all Lorentzian spaces simultaneously. In particular, the fact that the dual space is reductive is shown to provide a natural condition for the representation theory of the quantum analogue of M that ensures the existence of physically meaningful uncertainty relations between the noncommutative spacetime coordinates. Finally we show that, despite the dual spaces are not endowed in general with an invariant metric, their geometry can be described by making use of K-structures.
The (3+1)-dimensional κ-(A)dS noncommutative spacetime is explicitly constructed in this new paper (arXiv:1905.12358) by quantizing its semiclassical counterpart, which is the κ-(A)dS Poisson homogeneous space. Under minimal physical assumptions, it is explicitly proven that this is the only possible generalization to the case of non-vanishing cosmological constant of the well-known κ-Minkowski spacetime. The κ-(A)dS noncommutative spacetime is shown to have a quadratic subalgebra of local spatial coordinates whose first-order brackets in terms of the cosmological constant parameter define a quantum sphere, while the commutators between time and space coordinates preserve the same structure of the κ-Minkowski spacetime. When expressed in ambient coordinates, the quantum κ-(A)dS spacetime is shown to be defined as a noncommutative pseudosphere.
In this new paper (arXiv:1905.08484) we follow the life of a generic primordial perturbation mode (scalar or tensor) subject to modified dispersion relations (MDR), as its proper wavelength is stretched by expansion. A necessary condition ensuring that travelling waves can be converted into standing waves is that the mode starts its life deep inside the horizon and in the trans-Planckian regime, then leaves the horizon as the speed of light corresponding to its growing wavelength drops, to eventually become cis-Planckian whilst still outside the horizon, and finally re-enter the horizon at late times. We find that scalar modes in the observable range satisfy this condition, thus ensuring the viability of MDR models in this respect. For tensor modes we find a regime in which this does not occur, but in practice it can only be realised for wavelengths in the range probed by future gravity wave experiments if the quantum gravity scale experienced by gravity waves goes down to the PeV range. In this case travelling -rather than standing- primordial gravity waves could be the tell-tale signature of MDR scenarios.
In this work (arXiv:1903.09543), the generalization of (super)integrable Euclidean classical Hamiltonian systems to the two-dimensional sphere and the hyperbolic space by preserving their (super)integrability properties is reviewed. The constant Gaussian curvature of the underlying spaces is introduced as an explicit deformation parameter, thus allowing the construction of new integrable Hamiltonians in a unified geometric setting in which the Euclidean systems are obtained in the vanishing curvature limit. In particular, the constant curvature analogue of the generic anisotropic oscillator Hamiltonian is presented, and its superintegrability for commensurate frequencies is shown. As a second example, an integrable version of the Hénon-Heiles system on the sphere and the hyperbolic plane is introduced. Projective Beltrami coordinates are shown to be helpful in this construction, and further applications of this approach are sketched.
In this new paper (arXiv:1903.04593), we investigate the relativistic properties under boost transformations of the κ-Poincaré model with multiple causally connected interactions, both at the level of its formulation in momentum space only and when it is endowed with a full phase space construction, provided by the relative locality framework. Previous studies focussing on the momentum space picture showed that in presence of just one interaction vertex the model is relativistic, provided that the boost parameter acting on each given particle receives a “backreaction” from the momenta of the other particles that participate in the interaction. Here we show that in presence of multiple causally-connected vertices the model is relativistic if the boost parameter acting on each given particle receives a backreaction from the total momentum of all the particles that are causally connected, even those that do not directly enter the vertex. The relative locality framework constructs spacetime by defining a set of dual coordinates to the momentum of each particle and interaction coordinates as Lagrange multipliers that enforce momentum conservation at interaction events. We show that the picture is Lorentz invariant if one uses an appropriate “total boost” to act on the particles’ worldlines and on the interaction coordinates. The picture we develop also allows for a reinterpretation of the backreaction as the manifestation of the “total boost” action. Our findings provide the basis to consistently define distant relatively boosted observers in the relative locality framework.
In this new paper (arXiv:1902.09132), the space of time-like geodesics on Minkowski spacetime is constructed as a coset space of the Poincaré group in (3+1) dimensions with respect to the stabilizer of a worldline. When this homogeneous space is endowed with a Poisson homogeneous structure compatible with a given Poisson-Lie Poincaré group, the quantization of this Poisson bracket gives rise to a noncommutative space of worldlines with quantum group invariance. As an oustanding example, the Poisson homogeneous space of worldlines coming from the κappa-Poincaré deformation is explicitly constructed, and shown to define a symplectic structure on the space of worldlines. Therefore, the quantum space of κappa-Poincaré worldlines is just the direct product of three Heisenberg-Weyl algebras in which the inverse of the kappa parameter plays the very same role as the Planck constant ℏ in quantum mechanics. In this way, noncommutative spaces of worldlines are shown to provide a new suitable and fully explicit arena for the description of quantum observers with quantum group symmetry.